M7.8 Earthquake Strikes Iran

Iran_ShakemapAt 3:14 pm local time, a M7.8 earthquake struck 83km East of Khash, Iran. The quake was felt throughout parts of Iran, Pakistan, and India. Damage has been reported in Iran and Pakistan.

Early reports indicate that adobe construction was severely affected. Adobe is a particularly vulnerable construction material in earthquakes. EERI's World Housing Encyclopedia project has developed a tutorial on options for improving the seismic resistance of adobe. Several additional tutorials describing particular strengthening methods are also available at the same website: http://www.world-housing.net/tutorials/adobe-tutorials.

Two of EERI's Housner Fellows also sent in quick reports about the earthquake. Vivek Rawal, located in Ahmedabad, India, wrote that the earthquake strongly shook his office and home. Syed Ali, professor of earthquake engineering at UET Peshawar, Pakistan, wrote that people were out in the streets in Karachi. (The Housner Fellows Program is a leadership training program--the eight Fellows in the inaugural class are working on individual and group projects, most of them focused on reducing seismic risk in developing countries. Learn more about the current class of fellows on their blog: https://www.eeri.org/category/housner-blog/.)

Iran has suffered from many damaging earthquakes. Most recently, in August of 2012, a pair of earthquakes, M6.3 and M6.4, near Tabriz in northwestern Iran destroyed more than 20 villages and left more than 30,000 people homeless. The M6.6 Bam earthquake in 2003 caused more than 40,000 deaths and displaced 75,600 people.  More information about these and other  earthquakes in Iran can be found in the EERI Learning from Earthquakes Reconnaissance Archive: https://www.eeri.org/category/learning-from-earthquakes/iran/.