This publication was supported by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the World Bank’s Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility.
Edited by Reginald DesRoches of the Georgia Institute of Technology and Mary Comerio of the University of California, Berkeley, the 507-page issue begins with an introductory article that provides an overview of the historical, seismological, geotechnical, structural, lifeline-related, and socioeconomic factors that contributed to the catastrophe, as well as the many challenges that must be overcome to enable Haiti to recover. Detailed analyses of these issues are presented in the subsequent 23 papers, divided into four major topics: (1) seismology and geotechnical aspects, (2) damage assessment, (3) buildings and infrastructure, and (4) social impacts.
Never before has an earthquake so devastated not only the physical infrastructure, but also the institutions and government of a country. This disaster, perhaps more than any other in recent history, illustrated the role of social vulnerability in a natural disaster. However, one year after the earthquake there are hopeful signs of coordination between the Haitian government, NGOs, and religious organizations, and progress is being made. Haiti’s long-term recovery depends on providing basic services that require a functioning government public sector. Among the major tasks still to be accomplished for a safe and sustainable recovery are issues of debris removal and reuse, building material quality, building construction guidelines and enforcement, restrictions on zoning, resolution of land tenure issues, and planning for the location of lifeline buildings and infrastructure. Building capacity at all levels—technical, institutional, and governmental—will be required to put Haiti on a new path of economic growth and social justice.
This issue provides crucial information for the diverse professions engaged in earthquake loss reduction—civil, geotechnical, mechanical, and structural engineers; earth scientists; architects; city planners; emergency responders; public officials; social scientists; and researchers.
Online Table of Contents:
Overview of the 2010 Haiti Earthquake Reginald DesRoches, Mary Comerio, Marc Eberhard, Walter Mooney, and Glenn J. Rix pp. S1-S21 SEISMOLOGICAL AND GEOTECHNICAL ASPECTS
Seismic Hazard Maps for Haiti Arthur Frankel, Stephen Harmsen, Charles Mueller, Eric Calais, and Jennifer Haase pp. S23-S41
Geotechnical Aspects of Failures at Port-au-Prince Seaport during the 12 January 2010 Haiti Earthquake Russell A. Green, Scott M. Olson, Brady R. Cox, Glenn J. Rix, Ellen Rathje, Jeff Bachhuber, James French, Samuel Lasley, and Nathaniel Martin pp. S43-S65
Shear Wave Velocity- and Geology-Based Seismic Microzonation of Port-au-Prince, Haiti Brady R. Cox, Jeff Bachhuber, Ellen Rathje, Clinton M. Wood, Ranon Dulberg, Albert Kottke, Russell A. Green, and Scott M. Olson pp. S67-S92
Documenting Liquefaction and Lateral Spreading Triggered by the 12 January 2010 Haiti Earthquake Scott M. Olson, Russell A. Green, Samuel Lasley, Nathaniel Martin, Brady R. Cox, Ellen Rathje, Jeff Bachhuber, and James French pp. S93-S116
Damage Patterns in Port-au-Prince during the 2010 Haiti Earthquake Ellen M. Rathje, Jeff Bachhuber, Ranon Dulberg, Brady R. Cox, Albert Kottke, Clinton Wood, Russell A. Green, Scott Olson, Donald Wells, and Glenn Rix pp. S117-S136
Site Characterization and Site Response in Port-au-Prince, Haiti Susan E. Hough, Alan Yong, Jean Robert Altidor, Dieuseul Anglade, Doug Given, and Saint-Louis Mildor pp. S137-S155 DAMAGE ASSESSMENT
Validating Assessments of Seismic Damage Made from Remote Sensing Edmund Booth, Keiko Saito, Robin Spence, Gopal Madabhushi, and Ronald T. Eguchi pp. S157-S177
Crowdsourcing for Rapid Damage Assessment: The Global Earth Observation Catastrophe Assessment Network (GEO-CAN) Shubharoop Ghosh, Charles K. Huyck, Marjorie Greene, Stuart P. Gill, John Bevington, Walter Svekla, Reginald DesRoches, and Ronald T. Eguchi pp. S179-S198
Comparison of Damage Assessment Maps Derived from Very High Spatial Resolution Satellite and Aerial Imagery Produced for the Haiti 2010 Earthquake Christina Corbane, Daniela Carrion, Guido Lemoine, and Marco Broglia pp. S199-S218
Massive Damage Assessment Program and Repair and Reconstruction Strategy in the Aftermath of the 2010 Haiti Earthquake H. Kit Miyamoto, Amir S. J. Gilani, and Ken Wong pp. S219-S237
Interactive On-Site and Remote Damage Assessment for Urban Search and Rescue Solveig Thorvaldsdóttir, Erlendur Birgisson, and Ragnar Sigbjornsson pp. S239-S250 BUILDINGS AND INFRASTRUCTURE
Effects of the January 2010 Haitian Earthquake on Selected Electrical Equipment B. J. Goodno, N. C. Gould, P. Caldwell, and P. L. Gould pp. S251-S276
Haiti Building Failures and a Replicable Building Design for Improved Earthquake Safety Lisa Holliday and Hank Grant pp. S277-S297
Assessment of Residential Housing in Léogâne, Haiti, and Identification of Needs for Rebuilding after the January 2010 Earthquake Dustin Mix, Tracy Kijewski-Correa, and Alexandros A. Taflanidis pp. S299-S322
Recipe for Disaster: Construction Methods, Materials, and Building Performance in the January 2010 Haiti Earthquake Justin D. Marshall, Anna F. Lang, Steven M. Baldridge, and Daniel R. Popp pp. S323-S343
Devil in the Details: Success and Failure of Haiti's Nonengineered Structures Anna F. Lang and Justin D. Marshall pp. S345-S372
Measures of the Seismic Vulnerability of Reinforced Concrete Buildings in Haiti Patrick O'Brien, Marc Eberhard, Olafur Haraldsson, Ayhan Irfanoglu, David Lattanzi, Steven Lauer, and Santiago Pujol pp. S373-S386
Seismic Performance of Port de Port-au-Prince during the Haiti Earthquake and Post-Earthquake Restoration of Cargo Throughput Stuart Werner, Nason McCullough, William Bruin, Alex Augustine, Glenn Rix, Brian Crowder, and Joshua Tomblin pp. S387-S410 SOCIAL IMPACTS
Transition from Response to Recovery: A Knowledge Commons to Support Decision Making Following the 12 January 2010 Haiti Earthquake Louise K. Comfort, Brian McAdoo, Patricia Sweeney, Sam Stebbins, Michael D. Siciliano, Leonard J. Huggins, Ted Serrant, Steve Scheinert, Jared Augenstein, and Nicole Krenitsky pp. S411-S430
Community-Scale Damage, Disruption, and Early Recovery in the 2010 Haiti Earthquake Arleen Hill, John Bevington, Rachel Davidson, Stephanie Chang, Ronald Eguchi, Beverley Adams, Susan Brink, Dilnoor Panjwani, Robin Mills, Sarah Pyatt, Matthew Honey, and Paul Amyx pp. S431-S446
Social Impacts of the 12 January 2010 Haiti Earthquake Rebekah Green and Scott Miles pp. S447-S462
Setting the Stage for Long-Term Recovery in Haiti Robert B. Olshansky and Harley F. Etienne pp. S463-S486
Temporary Housing Planning and Early Implementation in the 12 January 2010 Haiti Earthquake Liesel Ashley Ritchie and Kathleen Tierney pp. S487-S507