Strategically designed by and with end users, the 2008 ShakeOut drill engaged millions of people, made an immediate difference in preparedness, and is now a statewide annual event. The ShakeOut model has spread to the central United States, Nevada, Oregon, Guam, and internationally to Canada and New Zealand.
Containing 104 color figures, the 20 articles in the ShakeOut special issue address the following areas:
Earth sciences: - Shaking intensity and ground failure - Ground motion simulations and comparisons - Surface faulting impacts - Fault displacement hazards
Earthquake engineering: - Loss estimation - Impacts on steelframe, woodframe, and concrete buildings and loss of function - Reconstruction materials - Impacts on and restoration of lifelines - Fire following earthquake
Preparedness and public policy: - Functions of public policy - Communications, preparedness, emergency response and recovery - Deaths and injuries - Economic impacts - Resilience lessons - Group reactions to the exercise - Implementation of lessons learned
Throughout the volume, research needs are defined and practical measures are recommended, often by stakeholders, to reduce risks associated with future earthquakes.