2016 M 7.8 Kaikoura, New Zealand
Papatea fault rupture crossing State Highway 1 and the main north rail line north of Kaikoura. In the offshore background, uplifted rocks are visible.
Source: Xavier Bellagamba
Liquefaction-induced lateral spreading along the Wairau River (Blenheim area). These are large ground fissures and cracks in the zone adjacent to the river (spreading displacements in the area ranged between 2m and 5m). While there were several instances of localised effects of liquefaction in urban areas, in most of the cases liquefaction affected predominantly land in rural areas.
Source: Misko Cubrinovski
Damage to the roadway surface on State Highway 1 near the Kekerengu-Waima River.
Source: Dmytro Dizhur and Marta Giaretton
Typical non-structural ceiling damage observed in commercial buildings. This damage was similar to that observed in other recent earthquakes in New Zealand, causing building repair closures and economic losses. Excellent performance of ceilings, building services and fire sprinklers was observed where these had been adequately braced for seismic impacts illustrating the benefits of bracing.
Source: Ken Elwood
Uplifted rocks just offshore from Kaikoura township. The uppermost extent of the dark-coloured seaweed was formerly the low tide level. Coastal uplift had extensive impact on the local marine ecology in Kaikoura, and has compromised the use of port facilities used by local tourism operators during low tide.
Source: Matthew Hughes